## MATH4MI Measure and Integration

First Semester |

In school and in introductory courses in mathematics, integral usually means Riemann integral of a real-valued function on the real line. This fundamental concept reveals its beauty in the Fundamental Theorem of Calculus which relates integration and derivation. However, the Riemann integral has some shortfalls that make it inadequate for many purposes in modern analysis. One of them is a gap in the fundamental theorem of calculus: the class of Riemann integrable functions does not coincide with the class of all functions that have an antiderivative. Another drawback is that the interchange of point-wise limits of function sequences and their integrals is only possible under rather restrictive conditions.

In this paper we introduce a modern theory of integration via measure theory that overcomes these shortfalls. It goes back to the French mathematician Henri Léon Lebesgue (1875–1941) and is the gate to many exciting branches of mathematics, like, for instance, modern probability theory, functional analysis, or the theory of partial differential equations. Topics include sigma-algebras, uniqueness and existence of measures, measurable mappings, the construction of the Lebesgue integral, convergence theorems and basic function spaces.

### Period

2021, Semester 1.

### Prerequisites

None. MATH201 and MATH301 are strongly recommended.

### Lecturer

Timothy Candy (tcandy@maths.otago.ac.nz)

### Lecture times

To be announced

### Further Reading

- R. L. Schilling,
*Measures, Integrals and Martingales*, Cambridge University Press, 2005. - D. L. Cohn,
*Measure Theory*, Second Edition, Birkhäuser, 2013. - N. V. Krylov,
*Introduction to the Theory of Difussion Processes*, American Mathematical Society, 1995. - W. Rudin,
*Real and Complex Analysis*, McGraw-Hill Series in Higher Mathematics, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1974. - M. E. Munroe,
*Measure and Integration*, Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, Inc., 1953. - G. B. Folland,
*Real Analysis*, 2nd. Ed., Wiley, 1999.

### Internal Assessment

Three assignments

### Final mark

Your final mark F in the paper will be calculated according to this formula:

**F = max(E, 0.4E + 0.6A)**

where:

- E is the Exam mark
- A is the Assignments mark

and all quantities are expressed as percentages.

### Students must abide by the University’s Academic Integrity Policy

**Academic integrity** means being honest in your studying and assessments. It is the basis for ethical decision-making and behaviour in an academic context. Academic integrity is informed by the values of honesty, trust, responsibility, fairness, respect and courage.

**Academic misconduct** is seeking to gain for yourself, or assisting another person to gain, an academic advantage by deception or other unfair means. The most common form of academic misconduct is plagiarism.

Academic misconduct in relation to work submitted for assessment (including all course work, tests and examinations) is taken very seriously at the University of Otago.

All students have a responsibility to understand the requirements that apply to particular assessments and also to be aware of acceptable academic practice regarding the use of material prepared by others. Therefore it is important to be familiar with the rules surrounding academic misconduct at the University of Otago; they may be different from the rules in your previous place of study.

Any student involved in academic misconduct, whether intentional or arising through failure to take reasonable care, will be subject to the University’s Student Academic Misconduct Procedures which contain a range of penalties.

If you are ever in doubt concerning what may be acceptable academic practice in relation to assessment, you should clarify the situation with your lecturer before submitting the work or taking the test or examination involved.

Types of academic misconduct are as follows:

**Plagiarism**

The University makes a distinction between unintentional plagiarism (Level One) and intentional plagiarism (Level Two).

- Although not intended,
*unintentional plagiarism*is covered by the Student Academic Misconduct Procedures. It is usually due to lack of care, naivety, and/or to a lack to understanding of acceptable academic behaviour. This kind of plagiarism can be easily avoided. *Intentional plagiarism*is gaining academic advantage by copying or paraphrasing someone elses work and presenting it as your own, or helping someone else copy your work and present it as their own. It also includes self-plagiarism which is when you use your own work in a different paper or programme without indicating the source. Intentional plagiarism is treated very seriously by the University.

**Unauthorised Collaboration**

Unauthorised Collaboration occurs when you work with, or share work with, others on an assessment which is designed as a task for individuals and in which individual answers are required. This form does not include assessment tasks where students are required or permitted to present their results as collaborative work. Nor does it preclude collaborative effort in research or study for assignments, tests or examinations; but unless it is explicitly stated otherwise, each students answers should be in their own words. If you are not sure if collaboration is allowed, check with your lecturer..

**Impersonation**

Impersonation is getting someone else to participate in any assessment on your behalf, including having someone else sit any test or examination on your behalf.

**Falsiﬁcation**

Falsiﬁcation is to falsify the results of your research; presenting as true or accurate material that you know to be false or inaccurate.

**Use of Unauthorised Materials**

Unless expressly permitted, notes, books, calculators, computers or any other material and equipment are not permitted into a test or examination. Make sure you read the examination rules carefully. If you are still not sure what you are allowed to take in, check with your lecturer.

**Assisting Others to Commit Academic Misconduct**

This includes impersonating another student in a test or examination; writing an assignment for another student; giving answers to another student in a test or examination by any direct or indirect means; and allowing another student to copy answers in a test, examination or any other assessment.